Origin, Usage and Meaning of the Sacred Name of God - RA-DHA-SWAM-E
Soami is Ocean and Radha its First Wave
â€œThe founders of the faith have a few allegorical interpretations to put forward to explain the two components of the wordâ€Šâ€”â€ŠRadha and Soami. The second guru says that the Supreme Being may be compared to an Ocean. A creative Ocean cannot be perceived without commotion. The first wave of the endless Ocean is Radha. The original Current is not different from but is identical with the Ocean itself and as it comes out so it is ever drawn towards it. The creative Ocean, therefore, is Soami and the first original wave just identical to the Ocean is Radha. The two together form the Supreme Ocean full of spiritual bliss and truth. Hence Radhasoami. â€¦.
â€œRadhasoami faith is the religion of pure and spiritual love. Love denotes two components, the Beloved and the lover. The prime Source of all love and spiritual energy is the Beloved and is therefore known as Soami. The first wave of love and spiritual energy arising from its Source and then being attracted towards it again, is the lover and therefore is known as Radha. The Supreme Love is Radhasoami, identifying both the components and fusing them into one.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Radhasoami Faith, A Historical Study)
â€œIn the Radhasoami Faith, this Supreme Being is called â€˜Radhasoamiâ€™. The exponents of this faith hold that this holy name has been given out by the Supreme Being Himself and as it is refulgently resounding within the higher spheres, it can be heard by a person who practises Surat Shabd Yoga. The second Guru used to address his Guru as â€˜Radhasoami Sahebâ€™. When Hazur Maharaj practised the spiritual exercise of Surat Shabd Yoga and attained the highest spiritual Truth, He listened internally the refulgent resonance of Radhasoami incessantly resounding in the first and highest region of creation and found his Guru identical with the Highest Spiritual Being. He was then filled with divine grace and holy light of love. As such, He addressed Him as â€˜Radhasoami Sahebâ€™ and considered Him to be the incarnation of the Supreme Being. â€¦. It was Huzur Maharaj who revealed the name Radhasoami after he realized in His deep meditation (Abhyas) not only that Soami Ji Maharaj was identical with Radhasoami, the Supreme Being, but also that Radhasoami is an ever reverberating Sound coming from the Highest Abode.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Petals of Love)
â€œRADHASOAMI Nam was revealed by the Supreme Being Himself. When the humble devotees of Soamiji Maharaj, as a result of their successful Abhyas ([meditation] devotional practices) and Satsang, came to realize His exalted position and immense spiritual powers, and when He too, in His grace and mercy, enabled them to recognize Him, they started addressing Him by the appellation of RADHASOAMI, the Name of the Original Abode from where He made His advent to this world, for showering His grace on Jivas [souls] in this Kali Yuga.â€ (Radhasoami Sahia Bhoomikaâ€Šâ€”â€ŠPreface to the Sar Bachan Poetry, by Huzur Maharaj)
â€œSoamiji tested His disciple and He found that Hazur was capable of spreading His spiritual message. The disciple had realized the Master; and the Master had also recognized the spiritual perfection and glow of the disciple. He recognized in Hazur Maharaj His own spiritual counterpart and on a special request of Hazur, Soamiji Maharaj established the Satsang in 1861. In all eternal radiance Soamiji Maharaj bestowed upon him the most precious and sacred giftâ€Šâ€”â€Šthe revelation of the name â€˜Radhasoamiâ€™. It was the name that Hazur gave to Soamiji Maharaj after the [inner] realization that his Guru was identical with the Supreme Being. The object of Hazurâ€™s life had been achieved and he felt contented as never before. Later in 1866, at Hazur Maharajâ€™s stance, Soamiji Maharaj revealed the holy name â€˜Radhasoamiâ€™ to His followers.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Petals of Love)
â€œThe Radhasoami mat or Faith derives its name from its original founder, the Supreme Being, Radhasoami, who appeared in this world in human form and designated Himself Sant Sat Guru or perfect Saint or True Guide and Preceptor, and preached holy doctrines to the sincere Enquirer of Truth for the deliverance of their spirit from the bondage of body and surroundings, as well as from the pains and pleasures of this world, and for the ultimate admission (of their spirit entity) into the Holy Presence of the Supreme Being after traversing and breaking through the trammels and impediments in the material spheres.â€ (Huzur Maharaj, Radhasoami Mat Prakashâ€Šâ€”â€ŠBeing a Message of Eternal Peace and Joy to All Nationsâ€Šâ€”â€ŠOriginally written by Hazur Maharaj in English and published in 1897)
â€œRadhasoami Naamâ€Šâ€”â€Šwhoever recites gets across the ocean of life; troubles vanish, bliss abides, and goneâ€™s complete all strife.â€ (Soami Ji Maharaj, Manglacharan, Sar Bachan Radhasoami Poetry, Book One)
Chanting the Name Radhasoami
â€œYou have to walk with Me, with My spirit, with My radiation. Receive My radiation first, then you can enjoy every radiation with right understanding and without being submerged and drowned in the current of attraction and repulsion they call Maya [illusion].
Always carry My reflection. My aura or reflection is the sum total energy and My spirit of the universe. I am all strength and courage. I am all love and mercy. I am the potential of all talents. I am the source of all riches. I am the light of all wisdom. I am that truth of all truths.
All exist in Me as they are part of Me and I exist in all of them. They are nothing but Me. You will see that I am vibrating everywhere, not only as light waves but also as sound waves, as the creative force, as the procreative force, as the force of all expansion.
I am the creative force, â€˜Raaaâ€™. I am the expanding force, â€˜Dhaaaâ€™. I come back with all the vibrations, â€˜Swammmâ€™. I become again one with you all and you feel one with Me as â€˜EEEEâ€™. Ra-Dha-Swam-i. (Radhaswami, Ra-Dha-Swam-e, Radhasoami).
Chant this Name, this is Me in sound form. Enjoy Me in sound form, as the magnetic field of love.(Discourses of Sree Mentu Maharaj, Volume One)
Prem Bani Radhasoami of Huzur Maharaj
The Supreme Father Radhasoami Dayal [Merciful Lord of the Soul] loves you dearly.
He will redeem you in a moment.
Believe what I say is true.
Know that Radhasoami is your True Beloved.
His heart is overflowing with compassion for souls.
He imparts them his own strength and redeems them.
Have no anxiety or worry in your mind now.
â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™
â€¦â€¦.. every moment.
Always utter â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™,
the Name of the Merciful Supreme Being.
Then only will mind and Kal become powerless against you.
Radhasoami is my most Beloved Lord.
None other than Him comes to mind.
I sing praises of Radhasoami again and again
and shall remain at His holy feet ever alert and vigilant.
I discard all the evil tendencies of the mind
and enshrine RADHASOAMI Nam in my heart.
I sing â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™, â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™,â€¦â€¦every moment.
(Huzur Maharaj, Prem Bani Radhasoami, Volume One)
The Sar Bachan of Swami Ji Maharaj
Radhasoami has imparted a unique message.
The moment I utter the Holy Word â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™,
all my doubts and misgivings are dispelled.
Radhasoami has taken me in His lap.
Radhasoami will also redeem you.
Repeat the Holy Word â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ all the time.
Recite â€˜RADHASOAMIâ€™ all the twenty four hours.
Radhasoami dwells in my heart every moment.
(Swami Ji Maharaj, Sar Bachan Radhasoami Poetry, Book One)
â€˜â€™â€™Satsangâ€™ is association with the Guru or a Sadh [sadhu, or virtuous satsangi, devotee], and the Guru or Sadh should be a follower of the Religion of Saints, i.e., the Radhasoami Faith [Sant Mat]. In such a Satsang there will be no mention of quarrels, disputes, stories, worldly entanglements and such other things. Only the following matters will be dealt with:
- Glory of Sat Purush, the Compassionate Radhasoami [God, the Lord of the Soul], the secrets of the pathâ€Šâ€”â€Šof the various stages, and the methods of traversing the path;
- Methods of developing love forâ€Šâ€”â€Šand faith inâ€Šâ€”â€Šthe Feet of Merciful Radhasoami and the Guru;
- Engendering in oneâ€™s mindâ€Šâ€”â€Šof the condition of indifference toâ€Šâ€”â€Šand detachment fromâ€Šâ€”â€Šthe world and its enjoyments;
- Description of those obstacles which the mind and Maya [illusion] create to prevent an Abhyasi [practitioner] from proceeding on the path;
- Description of the experiences which an Abhyasi [practitioner] gets at the time of Satsang and his Abhyasa [meditation practice]; and,
- Description of the ascent of the spirit to higher regions and the conditions therein.â€ (Huzur Maharaj, Radhasoami Mat Sandesh)
â€œIt should be noted that all the following activities are included in devotional practices (Abhyas):
- Sumiran [Simran: Repetition of the Holy Name];
- Sumiran and Dhyan [Repetition of the Holy Name along with Contemplation of the Holy Form];
- Bhajan [Listening to the Sound Current].
- Recitation of holy books or listening to their recital in Satsang intelligently;
- Discussing the principles of the Radhasoami Faith or listening to such discussion;
- Thinking about and reflecting on matters pertaining to the Radhasoami Faith and its practices and pondering them; and
- Examining the ways of oneâ€™s mind and senses daily, keeping them under control as far as possible.â€ (Huzur Maharaj, Prem Patra Radhasoami, Volume One)
â€” Letters from the Masters: Huzur Maharaj (from a collection of extracts from letters written by Param Guru Huzur Maharaj to satsangis)
Ocean (God), Wave (the Living Master/Sant Satguru) and Drop (the Soul)
â€œThe relationship between the Supreme Being, the Guru and the jivas [souls] has been well compared with ocean, its wave and the drop. The Supreme Being is the ocean of all bliss, light, life, sound and truth. The Guru is the wave which is always in union with the ocean and not different from it and the jiva [soul] with the same attributes is a drop far away from the ocean. This contact between the drop and the wave is the true Bhakti [path of love]. Therefore, emphasis has been laid upon establishing contact between the Guru and the disciples at all levels, that is, physical, mental and spiritual. This contact would be developed through the company of the Guru, both external and internal. The external company of the Guru is called the â€˜external satsangâ€™ and the internal company of the Shabd form of the Guru is called the â€˜internal satsangâ€™. There are four essentials on which this faith bases its tenets:
- Sat-Anurag (True Bhakti)
- Sat-Naam (the true name, that is, Radhasoami Nam) or Sat-Shabd
â€œBy the Seva [service] and the Satsang [true association] of the Guru the spirit entity would slowly and slowly shake off the coverings [sheaths, subtle bodies] and would be able to catch the Sound Currents and one day reach the Ultimate Abode. The whole process may take a period of four lives which may be shortened in the case of more ardent devotees.
â€œFor the attainment of perfect salvation, the Radhasoami Faith like all other Sant sects, shuns all other paraphernalia and external observances and rituals. It has emphasized upon the pure love in the holy feet of the Supreme Being and the Guru. As such it denounces hatred and discrimination among the human beings. All are the children of one Father and as such there is no place for such a discrimination in point of caste, creed or color and thus cannot check one to adopt this faith. According to the Radhasoami Faith, women are entitled to enjoy the same privileges as men. They also can practice Surat Shabd Yoga and gain high spiritual attainments. The champions of this enlightened faith, advocated in the social set up of the nineteenth century the removal of the purdah system for the ladies and urged them to come out of the narrow social restrictions and respond to the call of the time. Moreover, their preachings strengthened the disintegrating Hindu society by effacing the false barriers of caste prejudices.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Petals of Love)
â€œGreat emphasis as been made by the Masters on the generation of love for the Supreme Being, the Supreme Master who is all love. Love is the prime source of boundless energy. Love is bliss, and thus the Supreme Being is Supreme Bliss. Love is Light and Truth and from them emanates intelligence. Thus, the Supreme Being is an infinite Ocean of bliss, intelligence, energy, truth and light. He is eternal and unchangeable, the sole director of the whole creation. Such a Supreme Being is omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. He is all-pervading. The entire universe is the creation of His own Current and as such He is present at every stage in the creation.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, â€œPetals of Loveâ€)
â€œThe sole purpose of the incarnation of the Supreme Being as Satguru is to redeem the Jivas [souls] from the cycle of chaurasi [the transmigratory cycle of births and deaths], to reveal to them the efficacy of Surat Shabd Yoga and to engender into them the true and sincere love for the Supreme Being.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, â€œPetals of Loveâ€)
â€œThrough practicing Surat Shabd Yoga with love and bhakti one is able to attain true salvation. One does not have to forego oneâ€™s worldly duties for this practice, which can be performed by anyone, whether young or old, male or female. The key ingredients of this faith are love and devotion.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Petals of Love)
â€œIn a nut-shell, the Radhasoami Faith is a Gospel of Love. Love towards the holy feet of Radhasoami Dayal [Merciful Lord of the Soul], love towards the Guru of the time and love with all the human beings is its cardinal message.â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Petals of Love)
â€œThe practice of Surat Shabd Yoga is dependent on the love generated in the devoteeâ€™s heart for the Supreme Being Radhasoami Dayal [Merciful Lord of the Soul, Anami, Anadi Purush]. The Radhasoami Faith [Sant Mat] therefore advocates the blending of Yoga with Bhakti [devotion].â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur)
The Prose (Sar Bachan Radhasoami Bartik): Book One of the Sar Bachan Prose is an Abstract of the Teachings of Huzur Radhasoami Saheb (Soami Ji Maharaj) authored by Huzur Maharaj (Rai Saligram). Book Two of the Sar Bachan Prose is a collection of the Sayings of Soami Ji Maharaj delivered in Satsang.
Sar Bachan Radhasoami Poetry (Sar Bachan Radhasoami Nazm yaani Chhand bandh): Both volumes of Sar Bachan Poetry represent compositions of Soami Ji Maharaj: â€œThis scripture was written to the dictation of Huzur Radhasoami Saheb Himself. He had no intention to compose any Bani. But some devoted Satsangis and Sansangins persistently beseeched Him, and He was pleased to accede to their prayer.â€ (Radhasoami Sahia Bhoomikaâ€Šâ€”â€ŠPreface to the Sar Bachan Poetry, by Huzur Maharaj)
From the Last Words or Parting Instructions of Soami Ji Maharaj of Agra: â€œThen Seth Sundarshan Singh then asked whom should they look to for guidance after Him. Swami Ji Maharaj said, â€˜Whoever needs spiritual guidance, should seek it from Salig Ram (Huzur Maharaj).â€™â€
â€œTruth should be the guideline in the performance of all activities, spiritual or temporal, for a satsangi. Nothing that falls short of truth should be acceptable to him [or her].â€ (Agam Prasad Mathur, Petals of Love)
The Cosmos Is A Symphony of Vibrating Currents or Strings, By Huzur Maharaj
â€œThe entire creation is composed of currents. The various bodies are made up of currents (threads or wires). Just as cloth is made from threads or as the branches and twigs of a tree are but clumps of fibres, so is the human body made up of thread-like nerves, through which currents pass. This is how all the physical bodies are made. When a person speaks, his voice becomes audible by means of currents. Similarly it is by the currents of sight (light) that we see the world.
â€œWhen there was no universe, the first thing that happened [the First Cause] was that a current issued forth from the Feet of the Supreme Being Compassionate Radhasoami [Lord of the Soul]. This current is the current of Shabda [Mystic Sound] and of Life and Light. The entire creation of all the regions [planes, spheres, dimensions] higher or lower, has been brought into existence by this current.
â€œThe seat of the Supreme Being Radhasoami Dayal is within everybody. The spirit currents descended from Him creating Dayal Desh [Merciful Region, Spiritual Realms], Brahmand [universal mind] and Pind [physical plane, material universe/multiverse]. From a centre inwards between the two eyes, where the spirit has taken its location in this body [seat of the soul, third eye, wisdom eye], it is supplying energy by means of currents to the mind and the senses and the entire frame. As the spirit current alone is the current of bliss, pleasure and knowledge, it is only on account of it, that all those having physical bodies experience pleasure and relish it through the sense organs.
â€œWhoever is desirous of reaching the source of this current, which is the fountain-head and reservoir of all bliss, all pleasure and all knowledge, to obtain supreme bliss and eternal happiness, should revert to its source, i.e., the Feet of the Supreme Creator, Radhasoami, with the help of this very current.â€
â€” Huzur Maharaj (Rai Bahadur Salig Ram Sahab), Prem Patra Radhasoami, Volume One (the Love Discourses of the Lord of the Soul)